Updated NTA UGC NET Syllabus for Forensic Science (2019)



(w.e.f. June 2019)


The UGC has revised the pattern and scheme of exam from December 2018. The pattern of exam has been changed from 3 papers (Paper I, II & III) to 2 papers (Paper I & II). Now, there are 50 MCQs in Paper 1 and 100 MCQs in Paper 2. Each question carries 2 marks without any NEGATIVE marking for wrong answer.

According to NEW SYLLABUS (June 2019 onwards) and new pattern (since Dec 2018), the exam would be Online Mode. 

The UGC NET exam would be computer based like bank PO, SSC exam. the Paper 2 will have 100 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with each question carrying two (2) marks i.e. 200 marks in total. The objective type questions will include multiple choices, matching type, true/false and assertion-reasoning type etc.

The New Syllabus of Forensic Science for UGC NET Exam June 2019 onward will be as follows:


Unit – I

  • Forensic Science: Definition, History & Development, Scope, Ethics in Forensic Science
  • Physical Evidence: Nature, Types, Search methods, Collection, Preservation, Packing & Forwarding of Physical & Trace evidence for forensic analyses, Chain of Custody
  • Crime Scene: Nature, Types, Preservation of Scene of Crime
  • Criminal Investigations: Unnatural deaths, Criminal assaults, Sexual offences, Poisoning, Vehicular accidents
  • Courts: Types, powers and jurisdiction, Admissibility of evidence in Courts, Definition of Experts, Provisions in Cr.P.C.,1973 & Indian Evidence Act relating to experts & their reports; Court Procedures pertaining to Expert Testimony & Witness
  • Organization of Forensic Science Laboratories of Centre and State, NCRB and NICFS
  • Fundamental Rights: Right of Equality (Articles 14 to 18) and Right of Freedom (Articles 19 to 22) as per Constitution of India
  • Criminal Profiling: Profile of victim and culprit, its role in crime investigation, Lie detection (Polygraphy), Narco analysis, Brain mapping, scope and limitations
  • Concept of quality control management in Forensic institutions

Unit – II

  • Microscopy: Polarizing, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent and Electron Microscopes
  • Spectrophotometry: UV, Visible, IR, Raman, Atomic absorption, Emission
  • Neutron Activation Analysis
  • X – rays and x-ray based techniques such as XRD, XRF
  • Mass Spectroscopy
  • Chromatographic Techniques: TLC, GLC, HPLC,HPTLC
  • Hyphenated Techniques: GC-MS, LC-MS, IR-MS and ICP-MS
  • Electrophoresis: High and Low voltage electrophoresis, Immunoelectrophoresis
  • Immunoassays: Principle, Types ,Techniques and applications


Unit – III

  • Detection and Identification of Blood stains
  • Determination of Species of Origin
  • Blood Group Systems
  • Techniques of Determination of Blood groups of Blood Stains
  • Detection of Seminal and other body fluids and their Blood Grouping, Red cells Enzymes, Serum Proteins of forensic significance
  • Disputed Paternity & Maternity
  • DNA: Structure, DNA as genetic marker, DNA Extraction and Profiling Techniques
  • DNA Phenotyping and RNA Profiling & their applications
  • Wild life Forensics: Wild life (Protection) Act,1972, Scope, Evidences and Identification

Unit – IV

  • Analysis of Ethyl alcohol in beverages , liquors, biological fluids and breath
  • Analysis of Methanol and Denaturants
  • Illicit liquors
  • Analysis of Chemicals in Trap Cases
  • Metabolism and Chemical examination of : Insecticides & Pesticides, Tranquillizers & Sedatives, Hypnotics Stimulants, Narcotics, Opiates, Drugs of abuse; Analyses of above and their Toxicity
  • Plant poisons
  • Metallic Poisons
  • Extraction, Isolation & Clean-up procedures, Identification of common poisons from viscera, tissues and body fluids


Unit – V

  • Fire arms: Types, Classification, Ammunition and their Compositions
  • Forensic examination of Firearms, Ammunition, Firearms’ projectiles (Bullets, Shots, Slug etc.), Shell case
  • Gunshot residues analysis
  • Concept of Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Ricochet, Accidental Discharge, Determination of Range in firearm cases
  • Examination of Country made firearms
  • Basics of Internal, External and Terminal Ballistics
  • Tool marks: Meaning, Types and Examination
  • Restoration of Erased Markings on Metal Surfaces


Unit – VI

  • Fire and Arson: Analyses of Petroleum Products and other incendiary materials
  • Explosives: Definition, Types and Analyses
  • Bombs: Country made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices ( IEDs ) and their examination
  • Investigation in Explosion and Arson related cases
  • Photography: Types, application in criminal investigation & Forensic evidence examination

Unit – VII

  • Hair & Fibers: Nature, Types, Structure and Examination
  • Pollens and Diatoms: Their application in Forensic investigation
  • Dust & Soil: Nature, Types, Forensic Examination
  • Paint, Lacquer & Varnishes: Nature, composition and forensic examination
  • Glass: Composition, Types, Fractures, Examination
  • Cement, Mortar and Concrete: General Composition, Forensic Analysis
  • Computer Forensics: Introduction, Types of Computer crimes, Digital evidence- Seizure, Acquisition and Forensic examination
  • Mobile Phone Forensics


Unit – VIII

  • Fingerprints: History, Characteristics, Types, Classification, Preservation, Development, Lifting and Comparison, Examination of Chance Prints, Computerization of Fingerprints, AFIS
  • Track Marks: Foot Prints, Shoe Prints, Tire Marks, Their Preservation & Casting, Comparison, Skid marks. Gait pattern
  • Biometric Systems of Identification and its relevance
  • Voice Analysis: Introduction, Significance, Structure of Human Voice apparatus, Voice spectrography, Voice analysis, Legal aspects and limitations


Unit – IX

  • Documents: Definition, Types, Preliminary examination of documents
  • Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanical means and their examination
  • Examination of Alterations such as Erasures, Obliterations & Additions
  • Indentations, Secret writings and Charred documents
  • Inks, Papers and their scientific examinations with modern methods
  • Age of documents
  • Examination of Typescripts, Printed matter including currency notes and lottery tickets. Mechanical impressions
  • Hand writings: Class and Individual characteristics of Handwritings, Factors affecting handwritings, Standard samples for comparison, Comparison of hand-written texts
  • Anonymous and disguised writings
  • Identification of hand writings, signatures, detection of forged signature and forgeries
  • Examination of Credit Cards and Similar materials

Unit –X

  • Modes & Manner of deaths, Sexual offences and its medicolegal importance, Amendments in law related to sexual offences
  • Post – mortem examination and Post – mortem changes, Estimation of time since death
  • Injuries & Wounds: Types, Medicolegal importance, Gunshot wounds
  • Determination of Species of Origin, Sex , Age, Stature, and individual identification through skeletal remains
  • Identification through Skull superimposition and facial reconstruction
  • Human dentition, Type of teeth, determination of Age, Bite marks
  • Forensic Entomology: Introduction, Insects of forensic importance, Insects on Carrion, Forensic applications


Updated NTA UGC NET Syllabus for Forensic Science (2019) (PDF)



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